The Russian language year in Russia
The influence of western nourishment system upon alimentation traditions in Russia
(borowing of english names of food into Russian)
Executunt: Goryunova Ksenia, Michailova Yana, 11B form
Tutor: Kholoevskaya G. I.

The borrowed into Russian dishes can be divided into the following groups:

Hors d’oeuvres (Fr) = starters:

crouton (Fr.) - a small piece of hard bread served on soup and in salads;
French bread=French stick - bread in the form of a long thin stick that is soft on the inside and hard on the outside;
French toast - bread covered in raw egg and milk and cooked on hot fat;
Marmite (trademark) - a food made from yeast (=a white substance used for making bread rise or for making beer) and cooked vegetables that is spread onto bread or used for flavorings other foods;
luncheon meat - a type of food consisting of pieces of cooked meat pressed together, sold in a tin (=metal container) and eaten cold;
salami - a type of sausage containing strong spices, cut thin an served cold; smoked salmon - an expensive food consisting of very thin pieces of salmon that has been smoked.

The main dishes:

baked beans - beans cooked in tomato sauce and sold in a can. Baked beans are often simply called beans;
baked potato=jacket potato - a potato that is packed and served with its skin on;
fish and chips - meal consisting of fish and long thin pieces of potato both cooked in very hot oil;
fricassee (Fr.) - a meal that consists of pieces of meat cooked in a thick white sauce;
macaroni (Ital.) - a type of pasta in the form of short curved tube;
macaroni cheese - a meal consisting of macaroni in a cheese sauce;
mashed potato - potatoes boiled in water, crushed, and then mixed with milk and butter until they are smooth;
meatball - meat that is cut into very small pieces, shape into balls, and cooked appends into balls, and cooked;
moussaka - a Greek mael made from layers of meat, aubergines and cheese.

Desserts and sweets:

apple pie - a sweet food made from apples baked in pastry;
cracker - a type of thin dry hard biscuit often eaten with cheese;
cream - a thick yellowish-white liquid taken the top of milk;
ice-cream - a frozen sweet food made from cream or milk and sugar, often with fruit or chocolate added to flavour it;
ice lolly=popcicle (Am. E. ) - a piece of sweet flavoured ice or ice-cream on a stick;
fruit salad - a food consisting of small pieces of different types of fresh fruit, usually eaten as a dessert;
lollipop - a hard sweet on the end of a stick;
marmelade - a sweet food made from cooked fruit such as oranges or lemons that is usually spread onto bread and eaten at breakfast;
pancakes - a thin round flat food made by cooking a mixture of flour, eggs, and milk;
1.a soft sweet food that you eat at the ean of a meal;
2.a meal made of soft pastry cooked in a bowl with meat;
popcorn - a food made from dried drains of maize (=a tall plant that produces yellow seeds) that swell when they are heated;
praline -
1.a sweet made by boiling nuts in sugar;
2.a chocolate sweet filled with a soft substance made from sugar and crushed nuts;
tutti-frutti - a type of ice-cream that contains small pieces of different types of fruit;
yogurt=yoghurt - a food made from milk that has become thick and slightly sour, sometimes with fruit added to it;
soufflé (Fr.) - a food that you make with eggs and bake into a high round shape.
Types of cheese:
Camembert – a type of soft round French cheese with a white skin;
Edam – a round, light yellow cheese covered with red wax, made in the Netherlands;
Gorgonzola – a type of soft white and blue Italian cheese with a strong taste;
Gouda – a type of hard yellow cheese with a fairy strong flavour that is made in Holland;
Mozzarella – a type of soft Italian cheese with a flavour that is hot strong;
Roquefort – a type of blue French cheese with a strong taste;
Swiss=Emmental – a type of cheese with a lot of holes in it.


cream-soda - a sweet drink with bubbles of gas in it that tasted of vanilla;
espresso (Ital.) - a small cup of very strong coffee; or this type of coffee;
iced coffee=ice coffee - a drink made from coffee mixed with ice and milk, or a glass of this drink;
iced tea=ice tea - a drink made from tea with ice, and sometimes lemon or sugar, or a glass of this drink;
ice-cream soda - a cold sweet drink made from ice-cream, a sweet flauvoured liquid and soda water;
hot chocolate - a drink made by mixing hot milk or water with chocolate powder;
milkshake - a sweet drink made by mixing with chocolate or fruit, and usually ice-cream;
milk chocolate - chocolate made with milk;
ice water - a drink of very cold water with small pieces of ice in it.

Fruit and vegetables:


Fast Food:

*fish and chips (main dishes);

MacDonald's fast food:

BigMac (beefpatties, special BigMac sause, re-hydrates onions, two pickles, shredded lettuse, cheese on a toasted bun, with an additional middle bun);
Quarter Pounder (ground beef patty with ketchup, mus tard, slivered onions, two pickle slices, two slices of cheese);
Hamburgers and Cheeseburgers (ground beef patty with ketchup, mustard, a single dill pickle, re-hydrated onions or slieces of cheese on a toasted bun);
Big N'Tasty (beef patty with ketchup, mayonnaise with a grill flovoring, diced onions, two pickles, leaf lettuce, and a tomato slice on a toasted bun).
Chicken, fish and pokk:
McChicken (mildly spicy chicken sandwich: white meat chicken breads, mayonnaise, shredded lettuce on a toasted bun);
Premium chicken sandwiches (Crispy chicken and chicken McGrill sandwiches with mayonnause, leaf lettuse and a tomato slice);
Snack Wrap (white meat chicken breast (crispy or grilled), lettuce, shredded Cheddar cheese and Monterey Jack cheese and a sause (ranch, honey mustard or Chipotle barbecue), wrapped in a soft flour tortilla):
Chicken Fajita (chicken, cheese, red and green bell peppers, diced onion in a flour tortilla with Picante Sause);
Chicken Mc Nuggets (small chicken chunks with a dipping sause, only white meat);
Chicken Selects (=chicken strips) with spicy buggalo, creamy ranch, honey mustard, Chipotle Barbecue dipping sauses);
Filet-O-Fish (white fish fillet with tartar sause, a slice of cheese on a steamed bun);
Fish McDippers (pieces of breaded fish with dipping sauses);
McRib (a sandwich with Boneless pork with barbecue sause, diced onions and pickles).

Other products:
premium salads line (a mixture of lettuce, cherry tomatoes, different toppings: ex.-warm grilled or crispy chiken;
Caesar salad;
Garden salad (bacon bits, cheedar cheese, monterey Jack cheese and Ranch Dressing);
Asian salad (with mandarin oranges, red peppers, edamame, snow peas and an orange glaze for the chiken);
South west salad (with chili-ime tortilla strips, black beans, over-roasted, tomatoes, poblano peppers, fire-roaster corn, a lime wedge and a cilantro-lime glaze for the chiken);
Fruit and Walnut salad (appeles, grapes, and walnuts served with a small cup of yogurt);
Caprese salad.
the Happy Meal - meal for children featuring a Star Trek: the Motion Picture tie-in. The meal includes an entree, a side order, beverage and a toy - a product tie-in with a movie or popular TV show entree is a choice of hamburgers,
cheeseburgers, chiken Mc Nuggets, fries, sliced apple with caramel dip:
the Mighty kids Meal (a larger version of a Harry Meal);
French fries (chips or pommes fries);
Mc Muffins (poached egg, American cheese on a toasted English muffin. Sausage or bacon can also be ordered);
Bagels, biscuits and a special type of maple flavored pancake called McGriddles the sausageBurrito (a flour tortilla, sausage, shredded cheese, eggs, onion and peppers);
Mc Skillet wrap adds potatos and salsa;
Cinnamon Melt is a type of cinnamon roll.

Beverages (softdrinks):

Soft serve ice-cream is avaible in several forms, including sundaes, cones and a mix-in dessert called the McFlurry;
the McFlurry is a vanilla ice-cream dessert that has pieces of candy, fruit or cookies mixed into it;
Cookies: McDonaldland cookies are similar to animals crackers;
Pies: McDonald's pies are actually baked turnovers with flavors including apple, cherry, pummkin;
the Fruit and Yogurt Parfait is a parfait that includes Yogurts, a mix of strawberries, blueberries, vanilla yogurt, and granola topping;
Smoothies, mango and strawberry flavors;
Pineapple empanadas.

Nutrition nutraceutical food:

It's interesting to know that…..
the most fashionable diet today is - NUTRITION NUTRACEUTICALS
(food considered as something that keeps you healthy);
it includes FAT-FREE or NON-FAT Food and Drinks:

It is worth bewaring of:

It is worth avoiding under eating:

There are 3 types of milk:

A person who enjoys good food and wine is called GOURMET (Fr.)

proekty_uchenikov_11b/zapadnaja_sistema_pitanija._vlijanie_ejo_na_tradicii_pitanija_v_rossii._gorjunova_ksenija_mixajlova_jana.txt · Последние изменения: 2008/04/18 01:51 От gorunova
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